Balochistan is mineral riched heaven and area wise largest province of Pakistan consisting 44% area of country. Balochistan shares borders with Punjab and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the northeast, Sindh to the east and southeast, the Arabian Sea to the south, Iran to the west and Afghanistan to the north and northwest. Balochistan occupies the very southeastern-most portion of the Iranian Plateau, the setting for the earliest known farming settlements in the pre-Indus Valley Civilisation era, the earliest of which was Mehrgarh, dated at 7000 BC.
A rare-earth mineral is a mineral that contains one or more rare-earth elements as major metal constituents. Rare-earth minerals are usually found in association with alkaline to peralkaline igneous complexes, in pegmatites associated with alkaline magmas and in or associated with carbonatite intrusives. Perovskite mineral phases are common hosts to rare-earth elements within the alkaline complexes. Mantle-derived carbonate melts are also carriers of the rare earths. Hydrothermal deposits associated with alkaline magmatism contain a variety of rare-earth minerals.
Pakistan is gifted with most astounding, most infrequent and precious gemstones, earth minerals, rocks and pulchritudinous chemical compounds of earth. They are unique in colour, affluent in their resplendency and so recherche that in some cases, more infrequent than diamond. A mineral is, a solid chemical compound that occurs naturally in pristine form. A rock may consist of a single mineral, or may be an aggregate of two or more different minerals, spacially segregated into distinct phases. Gemstones are the precious and beautiful variety of minerals..